The ACROE and the ICA laboratory are two associated institutions running a same global research program, development, creation and pedagogy in computer music and animated image synthesis. ACROE was founded in 1976 by Claude Cadoz, Annie Luciani and Jean-Loup Florens, in the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble (Grenoble INP) with the support of the French Ministry of Culture and Communication. ICA laboratory (Artistic Creation Engineering) became part of Grenoble INP research units in 1999.
ACROE-ICA's research activity field focuses on engineering for art creation and time instrumental arts — arts using objects producing sensory effects triggered by human-interaction:
- Musical arts
- Visual arts
- Choreographic arts
- and their possible blend, for a new scientific and artistic field: multisensory digital arts.
Required sciences and technologies for such studies are :
- Sciences and information technologies, communication and systems modelling : calculation hardware architecture, languages, real-time computing, human-system interface, sensors, actuators, signal synthesis and processing, systems modelling
- Perception and cognition sciences: sounds, images, movements, sensory motor-functions, cognitive inscription, enaction etc.
- Artistic fields studies: Musicology, Philosophy, Art and Techniques History
Finally, conceptual choices — such as the instrumental condition as central paradigm of an artistic creation tool in the information technologies field— can be discussed based on Philosophy and Art History (Musicology, Material Arts, Choreographic and Stage Arts) and regarding their confrontation with the development of techniques and scientific notions (computing, digital representations, sensorial transductions). Analysis on historical and philosophical mutations in Sciences and Arts fields guide this scientific and technological program.
The ACROE developed Image and Sound synthesis method, known today as Physical Modelling Synthesis. The group also introduced the concept of Modular Multisensory Synthesis and Force Feedback Gesture Control.