René Carré, Professor — Researcher
Claude Cadoz, Engineer – Researcher – Musician
Jean-Loup Florens, Engineer – Researcher
Jean-Claude Foulon, Administrator – Musical counselor
Annie Luciani, Engineer – Researcher – Artist
Bernard Roy, Engineer – Researcher
ACROE was founded in 1976 by Claude Cadoz, Annie Luciani and Jean-Loup Florens, in the Grenoble Institute of Technology (Grenoble INP) with the support of French Ministry of Culture and Communication.
ICA laboratory (Computer Art and Music laboratory) was initially a team, belonging successively to the LCP (Laboratoire de la Communication Parlée, Grenoble INP), from 1976 to 1985, to the LIFIA (Informatique Fondamentale et Intelligence Artificielle-IMAG), from 1985 to 1995, and to the CLIPS (Communication Langagière et Interaction Personne-Système-IMAG). Since 1999, ICA is itself a laboratory of Grenoble INP. ICA is in charge of the scientific research part of the global program.
The team built up from 1976 with fundamental aims motivated by the computer entering in several fields of artistic creation. The deep mutation created by the computer, regarding the technology background, required a new and fundamental analysis of the role of the material tools in artistic creation as well as the role of the computer itself as a tool. New concepts and theories were necessary which could not be simply deduced from the previous ones.
Claude Cadoz, Jean-Loup Florens and Annie Luciani met in 1969 at the ENSERG, Grenoble School of Electronic and High-frenquency technologies. All three were interested in electronic for artistic creation.
They built up a studio for animated cinema and music creation. They bought a tiny Pathé Webo frame by frame mecanic camera, a tape recorder Revox A77 and went into the realization of animated movies and training workshops for animation within the association. They develop a motorization system to the camera, to the rostrum camera and to setting elements, which explain a first work on gesture and movement.
While emerged electroacoustic technologies for the sound and video technologies for the image, they initialize in 1973 creation and research activities on image and video in Grenoble.
The City of Grenoble (Culture deputy : René Rizzardo) provided equipments and fundings to support this project, encouraged by many local structures such as Grenoble People and Art (Peuple et Culture of Grenoble), the audiovisual departement of Young and Sports, the Union for animation and cinema creation (UNPACC), the Cultural Center (Maison de la Culture), the Grenoble Conservatory of Music and Dance, Grenoble Polytechnic Institute, the ADIM (Danièle Gilman), schools of music of the Rhône-Alpes region etc.
In 1976 ,following a national development activity plan led by the French Culture Ministry, director of music and dance, Marcel Landowski, then by Maurice Flauret, and by their project assistant Jean-Claude Foulon, with the consentment of the City of Grenoble, both structures impulsed the creation of the ACROE association. Breaking with the animation methods by interpolation, they work on the gestural control of elementary points.
In 1982, during the presentation of their works at a symposium of the Festival d'Annecy (international Animated Film festival), Acrady exclaims "Your points have a mass then !".
Animated cinema and electroacoustic music creation workshops (trainings, workshops, courses...) took place in the ACROE, the department and the region : annual workshops on electroacoustic music in Romans (Alain Bruney, Jazz trumpet player) and the Music school of Meylan, courses and workshops at the Grenoble music and dance conservatory in collaboration with its electroacoustic class (Professor : Anne Jolivet), annual demonstrations and workshops at the Cultural Center and People and Art of Isère, regular interventions in associations and at schools in the surroundings.
The ACROE organized regularly various public events in Grenoble in 1988,1990, 1993, 1996, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2011. All of them were really appreciated, particularly by the Grenoble audience and the local press.
By the time, Claude Cadoz, Annie Lucani and Jean-Loup Florens, laids the foundation of an innovative research project on computer music and graphic design within the LCP (Laboratory for Spoken Communication at the National Polytechnic Institute of Grenoble) : technologies must go beyond the evanescence of the body, the instrumentalist, the instrument and the tangible. This way, instrumentality becomes an inalienable propriety of the artistic creation and our relation to the world : computing, with a hard scientific and technical work, could restore the "tangible".
In opposition with the dematerialization movement, which fostered hope, glory and famousness to digital computing, new concepts and tools were arising in Grenoble : gestural interaction technologies, virtual instruments, multisensoriality and virtual realities.
Such progress arised thanks to numerous thesis in technological sciences (about 40), Master dergree internship (about 270), publication (more than 500 in refereed journals), brands and patents deposits (more than 30), artistic creation realised with ACROE's tools (about 50), and thanks to scientific and technological national or international research projects.
Regular international or national events of the group highlights its research results and artworks to a large audience. The group organized also open house days to inform a local public of their improvements, even the very specific ones.
In 1973, Claude Cadoz and Jean-Loup Florens, both Grenoble INP engineers, begin research on computer technology applied to music at the LCP laboratory (Laboratoire de la Communication Parlée) in the Grenoble INP institute. Annie Luciani, Grenoble INP engineer, starts experimental research on animated imagery at the "Union pour l'Animation et la Création Cinématographique".
In 1976, a research branch in new technologies dedicated to artistic creation appears in the Ministry of Culture, with the creation of a research council by M.Ornano, Minister of Industry and Technology.
In 1977, ACROE is founded under the tutelage of the Ministry of Culture and the City of Grenoble, leading scientific research and artistic creation.
From 1978 to 1982 , the ACROE improves on its first models : Force Feedback Gestutal Transducer, the programs CORDIS for audio and ANIMA for image.
The start of the 80's show a stronger research tendency with the creation of a second Force Feedback Gestural Transducer (1981), and the first Virtual Reality experiment : "the visual, audio and tactile tennis virtual game" (1983). ACROE joins the computer technology community of Grenoble and creates a Computer Technology, Artistic Creation and Virtual Reality team in the IMAG institute.
After the creation of its studios in 1986, and the completion in 1988 of the third prototype of the Force Feedback Gestural Transducer, and a powerful version of the CORDIS-ANIMA program, ACROE created in 1993 its first composition, "ESQUISSES", and then its first sale in 1995 of GENESIS, a database program based on CORDIS-ANIMA, dedicated to musical creation.
On March 31st, 1998, M.Claude Allègre, Minister of National Education , Research and Technology, asked M.Jean Claude Risset, research director at the CNRS and composer, to look for ways in which to stimulate scientific and technological research in the artistic domain.